Vojta therapy and Neurodevelopmental Treatment in Children

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Vojta-Therapy is a dynamic neuromuscular treatment method based on the developmental kinesiology and principles of reflex locomotion. This method is supposed to treat patients with disorders of central nervous system and musculoskeletal system. It was developed by child neurologist Prof. Vaclav Vojta in the 20th century and now used predominantly in Europe.

Vojta therapy

What is a Reflex Locomotion?

Reflex is an involuntary movement as a response to external stimuli. Locomotion is defined as an ability to perform a movement from one place to another. In reflex locomotion, there is a coordinated, rhythmic activation of the total skeletal musculature and a CNS response at various circuit levels.

Indication

According to Vojta, this therapy can be applied to the patients of any age group and can be used as standard therapy in physiotherapy for almost every movement disturbance and for numerous illnesses:

Implementation

The application of 4 Vojta therapies.

Vojta describes 10 different zones that are available to stimulate the motor patterns of reflex locomotion. A light pressure on certain stimulus zone (muscles or bones) and resistance to the current movement is applied to cause patient's involuntary motor response and performance of certain movement patterns.

The Vojta method can be divided into 2 main phases:

  1. Reflex creeping (lying flat with the chest down and back up)
  2. Reflex rolling (lying flat with the chest up and back down)

Reflex locomotion is activated from the three main positions:

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