Forensic Medical Science - Courses, Fees, Colleges

What is Forensic Medicine

Forensic medicine is the application of scientific knowledge for crime-related investigations. Also known as criminalistics, the course is a multidisciplinary subject and is well suited for individuals who want to build a career by solving crimes. There are various courses within the sphere of Forensic science like B.Sc. in Forensic science, M.Sc. in Forensic science and criminology, M.Sc. in Information security and cyber forensics, MD in Forensic medicine and toxicology, Postgraduate Diploma in Cybercrime Investigation and Computer Forensics, Postgraduate diploma in Forensic psychology and Diploma in Fingerprint Examination. Apart from criminal cases, forensic medicine also comes in handy while dealing with civil cases like finding the cause of death or injury for settling insurance claims or medical malpractice suits or determining the paternity of a child based on blood tests.

 Forensic Medicine

The eligibility criteria are different for various colleges. Here is a quick outline of the minimum requirements for the various courses.

For Diploma in Forensic Medicine

  • Candidates should have passed 10+2 from a recognized school board.
  • Many of the colleges prefer biology as a subject in 10+2

For MD in Forensic Medicine

  • Completed MBBS with internship
  • Permanent registration with the Medical Council of India or any state medical council

Entrance Exams for Forensic Medicine

For a Diploma in Forensic medicine, no entrance test is conducted. Candidates are given admission directly based on merit. For MD and B.Tech in forensic medicine following entrance tests are conducted:

  • NEET - This, also known as the National Eligibility cum entrance test,
  • UPSEE - Uttar Pradesh state entrance examination
  • AICET- All India combined entrance test
  • KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) - This is a state-level entrance exam for admission into colleges of the same state.
  • Other state-level entrance examinations

Scope of Forensic Medicine in India and Abroad

The forensic medicine course aims to impart core knowledge in forensic medical sciences to individuals. The professionals from this course are responsible for conducting autopsies as and when required by the government bodies or police department. Other times they may be required to examine victims of abuse, harassment or any other legitimacy affiliation case. Some individuals may even choose to delve deeper and carry out research work in this field. After completing this course, candidates can choose to work as lab technicians, professors/associate professors/ resident, medical officer, manager-forensics, forensic psychiatrist, toxicologist etc. They take up employment in government hospitals, medical colleges, 7 universities, medical writings, private clinics, research labs etc. As of now, autopsies can only be conducted by professionals in government hospitals.

In India, forensic is an upcoming field, but outside India, it is well established and has greater scope. Forensic experts can start their career abroad as well after completing their education in India. However, for pursuing Forensic medicine abroad, it is better to have a degree from that country itself since law changes from one place to another.

Course Subjects

    Forensic medicine or Forensic pathology is a branch of forensic science that helps in finding the results of evidence at a crime scene by applying medical facts to the situation. The course subjects help individuals become an expert in finding the cause and time of death as well as other details about the deceased.

    Subjects taught in the course are:

    • Basic medical sciences as applicable to forensic medicine, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, Forensic medicine including other clinical subjects applied to it, Forensic psychiatry, forensic traumatology, forensic Immunology
    • Toxicology, forensic paediatrics, forensic obstetrics, medical jurisprudence, chemical toxicology, Bio toxicology, general toxicology, socio-medical toxicology
    • Practical: Autopsy case, interpretation, report making, injury case, sexual offence case, age determination case, poisoning case, spots, weapons, bones, slides, X-ray films, tests on body fluids and stains.

    Careers in Forensic Medicine

    Statistics reveal that the crime rate is going up in the country every year. But, with a limited number of forensic scientists, more and more opportunities are opening up with the lesser competition.  The nation is in appalling need of experts in the field of forensic medicine. They are required in government labs, investigations and various other offices. Individuals from this course can make a career in any of the following areas: anti-terrorist operations, protection of human rights and environment, cyber-crime investigation, Crime branch and the Intelligence Bureau.

    Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

    A course in Forensic medicine helps the candidates become better suited for the roles of a forensic physician, forensic odontologist, forensic psychiatrist, toxicologist, specialist nurse and medico-legal advisor. In general, their main job is to examine the corpses and determine all the information relating to sex, age, race, drug use and medical history and even cause of death. Some individuals also opt to become a professor/assistant professor and train the students in the same field. 

    Top Recruiters

    Most of the professionals from forensic medicine are employed in the government sector. There is not much scope for working in the private sector as a forensic scientist other than taking up a job of professor or lecturer in a private college. Some of the top recruiters in Forensic medicine are:

    ·         Government medical colleges

    ·         CBI

    ·         IB

    ·         Forensic laboratories

    ·         Narcotics Department

    ·         Research and analysis wing

    ·         Other law enforcement agencies

    ·         Pharmaceutical companies, armed force department

    Required Skillset for Forensic Medicine

    Making a career in Forensic medicine is not like other professions. It requires a focus or interest in researching, investigating and understanding the circumstances that might have led to a crime. In general, some of the attributes that help make a successful professional in the field of Forensic Medicine are:

    • Critical Thinking: Forensic scientists are required to carry out a variety of jobs like matching physical evidence, fingerprints, blood splatter and DNA. Examining all of this and painting a picture of what might have happened at the crime scene requires a high level of critical thinking.
    • Legal Process: Professionals from this course are required to work in close association with the law most of the time. A familiarity with how to handle the evidence without tampering with them and various other legal processes like paperwork is essential to the job profile.
    • Processing Crime Scenes: The crime scene needs to be examined very meticulously after the incident. Many times, it might even be gruesome, but the ability to pay attention to even the tiniest bit of details is important. 

    Course Curriculum for Forensic Medicine

    Professionals of this course are required to examine dead bodies to extract physical information as well as carry out several examinations relating to blood tests and the nature of injury in civil cases. The course curriculum is designed such that it includes all aspects of basic medical sciences such as anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology and microbiology. Advanced forensic pathology, forensic medicine and toxicology, medical jurisprudence and forensic immunology are also covered in details within the course.

    Dr Rohit Bhaskar, Physio
    Dr Rohit Bhaskar, Physio Dr. Rohit Bhaskar, Physio is Founder of Bhaskar Health and Physiotherapy and is also a consulting physiotherapist. He completed his Graduation in Physiotherapy from Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences. His clinical interests are in Chest Physiotherapy, stroke rehab, parkinson’s and head injury rehab. Bhaskar Health is dedicated to readers, doctors, physiotherapists, nurses, paramedics, pharmacists and other healthcare professionals. Bhaskar Health audience is the reason I feel so passionate about this project, so thanks for reading and sharing Bhaskar Health.

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