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8 Effective Ways to Lower Risk of Strokes

Dr Rohit Bhaskar
Dr Rohit Bhaskar
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Strokes are a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Fortunately, many risk factors for stroke are modifiable through lifestyle changes and medical interventions.

By taking proactive steps to prevent stroke, you can improve your overall health and well-being. Here are a few effective ways to lower your risk of stroke.

Brain Stroke

How to lower risk of stroke

Here are eight ways:

#1. Control High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is the leading risk factor for stroke. Have your blood pressure checked regularly, and work with your healthcare provider to manage it.Take medication as prescribed, and follow recommended lifestyle changes, such as reducing sodium intake, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular exercise.Consider reducing caffeine intake, as it can increase blood pressure in some people.

#2. Quit Smoking

Smoking is a major risk factor for stroke, as it damages blood vessels and increases blood pressure.Seek help from your healthcare provider or a smoking cessation programme to quit smoking. Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.Limit exposure to other lung irritants like air pollution and industrial chemicals.

#3. Manage Diabetes

Diabetes increases the risk of stroke by damaging blood vessels and promoting plaque buildup.Work with your healthcare provider to manage your blood sugar through medication, dietary changes, and regular physical activity.Maintain regular foot care to prevent complications that could lead to amputation and decrease mobility.

#4. Maintain a Healthy Diet

A diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can help lower your risk of stroke.Limit saturated and trans fats, added sugars, and sodium. Avoid processed foods and choose whole foods instead.Consider incorporating superfoods, like berries, leafy greens, and fatty fish, which are high in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids that support brain health.

#5. Get Regular Physical Activity

Regular physical activity can help reduce risk of stroke by improving cardiovascular health and lowering blood pressure.Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous intensity aerobic exercise per week.Incorporate strength training and balance exercises to reduce the risk of falls and maintain muscle mass.

#6. Control Cholesterol Level

High levels of cholesterol can contribute to plaque build-up in the arteries, increasing risk of stroke.Work with your healthcare provider to monitor cholesterol level and make lifestyle changes, like improving diet and getting regular exercise.Consider natural supplements, like fish oil or psyllium, to lower cholesterol level.

#7. Limit Alcohol Consumption

Excessive alcohol consumption can increase blood pressure and risk of stroke.If you choose to drink, limit consumption to no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.Avoid binge drinking and heavy alcohol use, which can increase risk of stroke and other health problems.

#8. Manage Stress

Chronic stress can increase blood pressure and contribute to other risk factors for stroke.Incorporate stress-reducing activities into your daily routine, like meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.Prioritize self-care, and make time for hobbies and social support.

By implementing the aforementioned strategies, you can significantly reduce your risk of stroke and improve your health and well-being. Consult with your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations and support on your journey to stroke prevention.

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