The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has released 17 new dietary guidelines to help Indians improve their dietary habits and reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases like obesity and diabetes. These guidelines are intended to address the 56.7% disease burden attributed to unhealthy diets in India.

Key points from the guidelines include:

1. Eat a variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet.

2. Pregnant women and new mothers should have access to extra food and healthcare.

3. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months, with continued breastfeeding up to two years and beyond.

4. Introduce homemade semi-solid complementary foods after six months.

5. Ensure adequate diets for children and adolescents, both in health and sickness.

6. Consume plenty of vegetables and legumes.

7. Use fats and oils in moderation and choose a variety of sources.

8. Obtain high-quality proteins and avoid protein supplements for muscle building.

9. Adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent obesity and related diseases.

10. Be physically active and exercise regularly.

11. Restrict salt intake.

12. Consume safe and clean foods.

13. Use appropriate cooking methods.

14. Drink plenty of water.

15. Minimize ultra-processed foods.

16. Prioritize nutrient-rich foods for the elderly.

17. Read food labels to make informed choices.

These guidelines emphasize the importance of a diverse and balanced diet, physical activity, and the reduction of processed food intake to improve overall health and prevent chronic diseases.