What is Decompressive Craniectomy (DECRA)?

Decompressive craniectomy   ( crani-   +   -ectomy ) is a   neurosurgical   procedure in which part of the   skull   is removed to allow a   swelling brain   room to expand without being squeezed. It…

What is Cerebellopontine Angle (CPA)?

C erebellopontine angle   ( CPA )  is located between the   cerebellum   and the   pons .   The cerebellopontine angle is the site of the   cerebellopontine angle cistern   one of the   subarachnoid …

What is Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP)?

A brain injury or some other health problem can cause growing pressure inside your skull. This dangerous condition is called increased intracranial pressure (ICP). It can lead to a headache. It can a…

What Is Spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolisthesis is a condition where one vertebrae of your spinal column becomes displaced in reference to the vertebrae directly below it. Your spine is made up of 33 vertebrae that are stacked on…

Intervertebral Disc (IVD): Structure, Degeneration, Repair

The intervertebral disc (IVD) is important in the normal functioning of the spine. It is a cushion of fibrocartilage and the principal joint between two vertebrae in the spinal column. There are 23 d…

Spina Bifida: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnoses, and Treatment

Spina bifida is a birth defect in which an area of the spinal column doesn’t form properly, leaving a section of the spinal cord and spinal nerves exposed through an opening in the back.   Spina Bif…