Respiratory care is a relatively new discipline in the medical field, however, its practices date back throughout the history of civilization.
Respiratory Therapists treat patients with acute and chronic conditions of the heart and lungs. The job title hasn’t been around very long, however, the fundamental practices of respiratory care were used throughout the 20th century.
This study guide provides an overview of the history of respiratory care and has practice questions on this topic as well. So, if you’re ready, let’s get started.
Significant Historical Events in Respiratory Care
According to Egan’s Fundamentals of Respiratory Care, the following are major historical events that have occurred in the field of respiratory care in the 20th century:
1909 – Oral intubation was introduced
1913 – Laryngoscope was developed
1918 – Oxygen mask was used
1928 – Iron Lung was developed
1947 – Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA) was formed
1948 – Positive-pressure ventilator was introduced
1954 – ITA becomes the American Association for Inhalation Therapists (AAIT)
1958 – Bird Mark 7 was introduced
1967 – Rapid blood gas analysis was introduced
1968 – Fiberoptic bronchoscope was introduced
1971 – CPAP was introduced
1973 – AAIT becomes the American Association for Respiratory Therapists (AART)
1974 – National Board for Respiratory Therapy (NBRT) was founded
1983 – NBRT becomes the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC)
1983 – Respiratory Care Week was nationally proclaimed by Ronald Reagan
1984 – AART becomes the American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC)
1994 – CDC published guidelines for ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention
1998 – Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC) was formed
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