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Physiotherapy Career Options: Job Opportunities, Courses

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If you are interested in preventing and curing physical dysfunctions in patients, then career in physiotherapy is the right choice for you. Physiotherapy is defined as the system of medicine that includes examination, diagnosis, treatment, advice, and instruction to any person preparatory in connection with movement dysfunction, bodily malfunction, physical disorder, disability, healing & pain from trauma & disease, physical & mental conditions using physical agents including exercise, mobilization, manipulation, mechanical and electrotherapy devices.” No doubt that the rise of industrialization and mechanization has resulted in the increase in demand and scope of physiotherapy in India and abroad.


A Physiotherapist (also known as a Physical Therapist) is a very important member of the healthcare team where his responsibility is to rehabilitate patients back to normal without medicines by the use of exercise, manual therapy, rehabilitation techniques and physical activity. A physical therapist’s job involves helping patients to recover and/or rehabilitate from a state of having been incapacitated from neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, sports, geriatrics, oncology impairments among others. He/she has the responsibility to help restore the patient’s body to its optimal functioning level. They are also key health professionals in the prevention of injuries including on-field sports injuries, and treat the reactions and responses of the body to injury, disease or abnormalities in development.

Courses & Duration

Bachelor Of Physiotherapy (B.P.T) :- 4.5 years (including a 6 month compulsory internship)

Master Of Physiotherapy(M.P.T) :- 2 Yrs


    • Pediatrics Physiotherapy
    • Obstetrics Physiotherapy
    • Sports Physiotherapy
    • Neurology Physiotherapy
    • Orthopedic Physiotherapy
    • Geriatrics Physiotherapy
    • Post Operative Physiotherapy
    • Cardiovascular Physiotherapy

Ph.D In Physiotherapy

Scope After B.P.T (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)?

A physiotherapy student has an option to pursue higher education after BPT and can also specialize in the field of physiotherapy. BPT graduates are also eligible for courses like hospital administration, business management, public health management & various other postgraduate programs. The normal pay package for a Physiotherapist working in a hospital starts with a minimum Rs. 5-6 lakhs per annum. With experience, remuneration increases depending on the work output and the type of organization he/she is working in.

Role and Responsibility of a Physiotherapist in the Health Sector Include:

Physiotherapy is a very promising, rewarding and a satisfactory profession as paramedical science has a larger role & responsibility in a hospital scenario. After clearing the licensing examination of a given country, it opens up wide opportunities for the physiotherapists in the health industry.

  • Prescribing remedial exercises
  • Muscle strength evaluation & quantification
  • Physical treatment by electrotherapy modalities like diathermy, ultrasonic therapy, contrast bath, cryotherapy, hydrocollator, whirlpool therapy, trans-electric muscle stimulation, infra-red therapy, ultraviolet therapy etc and also different therapeutic exercises by automated machines.
  • Evaluating balance in neurologically affected patients.
  • Apply manual therapy, mobilization, manipulation of soft tissue techniques etc.
  • Wheelchair and gait training with or without ambulatory aids.
  • Aid in-home evaluation to make the environment barrier-free and accessible.
  • Improving the status of patients with cardiopulmonary dysfunction.

Career Options in Physiotherapy

  • Consultant Physiotherapist in Multi-specialty Hospitals, Health Care Centers, NGOs
  • Corporate Physiotherapist in MNCs
  • Health Care Physiotherapy Instructor in Modern Gymnasiums
  • Ergonomic Care Advisor
  • Physiotherapist in Special Schools for Physically Challenged Children
  • Physiotherapist in Old Age Residential Homes
  • Sports Physiotherapists along with Sports Associations, Sports Team, individually hired physiotherapists by elite athletes
  • Entrepreneurs in Rehabilitation Centers/ Organizations
  • Private Practitioners running Private Physiotherapy Practice
  • Lecturer
  • Clinical Researcher

olleges Offering Physiotherapy Courses

  • Government Medical College, Nagpur
  • Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP), MP
  • National Institute of Management & Technology, Greater Noida
  • Apollo College of Physiotherapy, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Health Education & Research, Patna
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  • Guru Gobind Indraprastha University, New Delhi

Skills Required

  • Good Communication Skills
  • Patience
  • Organizational Skills
  • Administrative Skills
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Ability to work under pressure
  • Team working Skills
  • Sound knowledge of the subject


There is a good opportunity in this professional field. First you will be called a doctor and your role will be of  physiotherapist.

In today’s generation, people are facing so many muscular skeletal problems in their daily lifestyle. The life is very busy and we have been habitual of the mechanization. Due to not using the muscles capacity in our daily life, we used to have backache, sciatica, lumbago and many disabilities.

The physiotherapist is one who helps in curing such disorders. A physio can be a health counsellor, doctor, physical trainer and sports coach.

After the completion of the course you may go for the higher study as M.PT or PhD. To work with the hospitals, health organizations or individual practice, it is necessary to have the bachelor degree.

You can work with the ministry of sports, stadium, hospitals, health societies and you can do the freelance practice. There is a good opportunity to go abroad after the completion of this course as the heavy requirement such in the US, UK and others.

You can also work in rehabilitation centres, industrial health units, schools, In armed forces and universities.


Once you have completed your degree in Physiotherapy, you can work in the given specializations:

  • Pediatrics Physiotherapy
  • Obstetrics Physiotherapy
  • Sports Physiotherapy
  • Neurology Physiotherapy
  • Orthopedic Physiotherapy
  • Geriatrics Physiotherapy
  • Post Operative Physiotherapy
  • Cardiovascular Physiotherapy


Physiotherapist are hired by all fitness organizations & hospitals. The top recruiters are as the following:

  • Talwalkars Pantaloon Fitness Pvt Ltd
  • Hospitals and health centers
  • Intellectual Resource Training Private Limited
  • Fitness centers
  • Help Age India
  • Hosmat Hospital
  • Medybiz Pvt Ltd
  • Fortis Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital


The initially package of physiotherapist depends on the college where he got the degree and the company where he will be working.

The initial salary of a physiotherapist in India is Rs. 2 to 2.5 lakh per year. But after the gaining of experience and higher degree the salary can be increased upto the 5 lakh depend on the company.

Books & Study Material

  • Orthopedic Physical Assessment by David J Magee
  • Therapeutic Exercise by Carol Kisner
  • The Principles of Exercise Therapy by Deena Gardiner
  • Manual Therapy Approaches In Neuro-Physiotherapy by Ganvir Suvarna
  • Manual of Mulligan Concept (Revised Edition) by Deepak Kumar
  • Manipulative Physiotherapy Assessment, Treatment and Improvisation by Biswas Amrit
  • Essentials of Orthopedics for Physiotherapists by Ebnezar
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