Brainstem: Defination, Structure and Function

The Brainstem lies at the base of the   brain   and the top of the   spinal cord . The brainstem is the structure that connects the cerebrum of the brain to the spinal cord and cerebellum. It is comp…

Cerebral Cortex (Neuroanatomy): Defination, Structure and Function

T he cerebral cortex is a sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian   brain . It has up to six layers of   nerve cells . It is covered by the meninges and often referr…

Cerebrum (Neuroanatomy): Defination, Structure and Function

The cerebrum of the   central nervous system   is the uppermost part of the brain. It is composed of the   basal ganglia ,   cerebral cortex , and   olfactory cortex . The cerebrum is divided into a …

Cingulate Gyrus (Neuroanatomy): Defination, Structure an Function

The Cingulate gyrus lies on the medial aspect of the   cerebral hemisphere . It forms a major part of the   limbic system   which has functions in emotion and behaviour. The cingulate gyrus is an arc…

12 Cranial Nerves: Nerves, Functions & Diagram of Locations

The cranial nerves are a set of twelve nerves that originate in the brain. Each has a different function for sense or movement. The functions of the cranial nerves are sensory, motor, or both: Sensor…